Herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in the U.S. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in the United States, one of every five teenagers and adults is infected with genital herpes.
Genital herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are two types of HSV:
·HSV type 1 most commonly infects the mouth and lips, causing sores known as fever blisters or cold sores. (facial, oral herpes)
·HSV type 2 is the usual cause of genital, but it also can infect the mouth.
Talking about transmission of genital herpes you can easily pass or transmit the virus to an uninfected partner during sex. This includes close contact other than sexual intercourse, through oral sex or close skin-to-skin contact. The like hood of spread herpes while using same toilet seat or hot bath together is almost impossible.
Herpes can be passed from one partner to another or from one part of your own body to another part. Herpes is most easily spread when there are open sores, however the risk of getting herpes between outbreaks is rather high too.
While herpes outbreaks commonly appears on the mouth or genitals from infection with the herpes simplex virus, it is possible for the virus to be transmitted to and appear on other parts of the body like tongue, teeth’s gums, shoulders, legs and even back. It’s possible if the skin on particular place was broken and had contact with an infected area. What’s more two additional types of herpes, herpes gladiatorum and herpes zoster are more commonly result in outbreaks on parts of the body other than lips and genitals.
Herpes gladiatorum’s outbreaks usually appear on the face, neck, shoulders, arms and legs. Blisters might be painful but they are not that common and visible. Outbreaks of herpes gladiatorum usually last around 7 to 10 days, after which they are much less likely to be infected. Herpes zoster is the same virus that causes chicken pox. They might appear as painful blisters on the one side of body or one side of face.
In most cases herpes symptoms are not visible at first. The usual outbreak begins around 20 days after being infected. Blisters appear on infected area, you feel itchy and not comfortable. The herpes virus remains in the body and becomes inactive after blisters have healed. While in the inactive stage, the herpes virus can remain inside body for long periods of time without causing any symptoms.
Many people experience warning signs and symptoms just before the sores appears. The symptoms, called a prodrome, indicate that the virus is activating under the skin. A prodrome may include itching, tingling, deep pain in the area of the body where the sores are about to appear.
If you feel you might have herpes don’t let a tiny amount of blisters make you to wait and visit your local doctor right away. While having herpes you should take a great care of your body. Regularly taken pills won’t cure your in 100% however will decrease the number of outbreaks into minimum.